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medical glossary
medical glossary

Medical glossary

Terms

Definition

AMA

against medical advice

ac.

before meals.

ad lib

as desired.

amt

amount.

ASAP

as soon as possible.

ASD

atrial septal defect. A congenital defect in the heart between the atria.

BID

twice a day (sometimes q12h or every 12 hours).

BM

bowel movement.

BP

blood pressure.

BRP.

bathroom privileges.

CA.

cancer.

cal

calories.

cath.

catheterization.

CBC

complete blood count

cc

cubic centimeters.

CC

chief complaint.

CBC

complete blood count.

CNS

central nervous system.

c/o

complaints of

COPD

chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.

CPAP.

continuous positive airway pressure.

CPR

cario-pulmonary resuscitation.

CT

computed tomography, also referred to as CAT (computer axial tomography). Threedimensional image of a body structure constructed by computer from a series of cross-sectional images. CT scans reveal both bone and soft tissues, including organs, muscles and tumors.

DNR

do not resuscitate.

DOB

date of birth.

Drsg

dressing.

ECG or EKG.

electrocardiogram. A graphic record of the action of the heart.

EEG

electroencephalogram) measures electrical activity of the brain.

EKG

electrocardiogram.

ENT

ear, nose and throat.

ED

emergency department

ER

emergency room

Gastrosomy Tube

surgically placed tube that goes directly into the stomach for feedings and/or drainage.

GB

gall bladder.

GI

gastointestinal.

gm

gram.

gtt

drops

H20

water.

H/A

headache

hct

hematocrit.

hgb.

hemoglobin.

HOB

head of bed.

ht

height.

HTN

hypertension.

hx

history.

I & D

incision and drainage.

I & O.

intake and output. A measurement of fluids taken in and urinated out.

ICU

intensive care unit.

IM

intramuscular or into the muscle.

IV

intravenous. The delivery of fluids and/or medication into the blood stream via a needle inserted into a vein.

K

potassium.

kg

kilogram.

KVO

keep vein open.

lb.

pound.

LOC

loss of consciousness.

LP

lumbar puncture.

Max

maximum.

mEq

milliequivalent.

MRI

magnetic resonance imaging. Computerized images based on nuclear magnetic resonance of atoms within the body induced by the application of radio waves. An MRI scan provides 3-D images of the body's interior, delineating muscle, bone, blood vessels, nerves, organs and tumor tissue.

MRSA.

methicillin resistant staphylococcum aureus.

MVA

motor vehicle accident.

MVR

mitral valve replacement.

n/a

not applicable.

N/S

normal saline.

Na

sodium.

Nasogastric

a tube that leads from the nose or mouth into the stomach.

neg

negative.

NG

nasogastric.

NKA

no known allergies.

no. or #

number.

NP.

nurse practitioner.

NPO

nothing by mouth; nothing to eat or drink usually within a defined time frame

Nsg

nursing.

NSR.

normal sinus rhythm.

NTG

nitrogylicerin.

N&V

N&nausea and vomiting.

NWB

non-weight bearing.

O2

oxygen.

OB

obstetrical.

OB/GYN.

obstetrics and gynecology.

ODA

operating day admission. The patient is admitted to the hospital the day the surgery is scheduled.

oint

ointment.

OOB

out of bed.

OR.

operating room.

OT

occupational therapy.

oz.

ounce.

P

pulse.

PA

physician's assistant.

PAC

premature atrial contraction.

PAT

paroxysmal atrial tachycardia or preadmission testing (depending on context).

pc

after meals

PDA.

patent ductus arteriosis.

PE

physical examination.

Ped

pediatric.

per os.

by mouth.

PERL

pupils equal and reactive to light.

PERLA

pupils equal and reactive to light & accommodation.

PET Scan

positron emission tomography

PFT

pulmonary function test.

pH

symbol for expression of concentration of hydrogen ions (degree of acidity).

PICC Line

peripherally inserted central catheter) for delivery of medication into the bloodstream.

PIC-U

pediatric intensive care unit. A unit staffed by Pediatric Intensivists (pediatricians with
special training in the care of critically ill infants and children) and other highly-skilled specialists

PIMU

pediatric intermediate or "step down" unit. A unit that admits less critically ill children and is also a transitional unit following a stay in the PICU.

PM or p.m.

afternoon (post meridian).

PMS

premenstrual syndrome.

po

per os (by mouth).

post-op

postoperative.

Preop

preoperative.

prep

prepare.

PRN

when necessary; on request or when needed within time guidelines

PROM

passive range of motion.

PT

physical therapy.

Pt or pt.

patient.

PTA

prior to admission.

PVC.

premature ventricular contraction.

PWB

partial weigth bearing.

q

each, every (quauque).

qd

every day (quaque die).

qh

every hour (quaque hora).

qid

four times daily (quater in die).

QID

four times a day (sometimes q6h or every 6 hours).

QD.

once a day.

QNS

quantity not sufficient.

qod—

every other day (quater otra die).

qs

sufficient quantity (quantum sufficiat).

Qt.—quart.

quart.

q2h, q3h, etc

every two hours, every three hours, etc.

Rehab

rehabilitation

Resp.

respiration.

RBC

red blood cells.

RN

Registered Nurse.

R/O

rule out.

ROM

range of motion.

R/R

respiratory rate.

RR

recovery room.

RT

radiation therapy.

Rt

right.

RTC

return to Clinic.

Rx.

prescription, treatment, or therapy.

s [needs line over s]

without (sine).

SG

specific gravity.

sm

small.

SNF.

skilled nursing facility.

SOB

shortness of breath.

S/P.

status post.

sp gr.

specific gravity.

staph.

staphylococcal, staphylococcus.

Stat

immediately (statim).

STD

sexually transmitted disease.

Strep

streptococcus

Sx

symptoms.

T.

temperature.

tab—

tablet.

T&A.

tonsillectomy and adenoidectomy.

tbsp.

tablespoon.

TIA.

transient ischemia attacks.

tid

three times a day (sometimes q8h or every 8 hours).

TPR

total lung capacity.

tsp

temperature, pulse, respirations.

UA.

teaspoon.

UGI

urinalysis.

URI

upper gastrointestinal

UTI

upper respiratory infection.

Vol

urinary tract infection.

vs

volume.

VS.

against or versus.

VSD

vital signs.ventricular septal defect. A congenital defect in the septum of the heart.

w/

with.

WB

weight bearing.

WBC

white blood cells.

W/C

wheel chair.

WNL

within normal limits.

w/o

without.

wt.

weight.

XR

x-ray.

x-match.

cross match.

yo

year old.

yr.

year.


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